OpenHarmony如何实现二级联动

系统 OpenHarmony
列表的二级联动(Cascading List)是指根据一个列表(一级列表)的选择结果,来更新另一个列表(二级列表)的选项。这种联动可以使用户根据实际需求,快速定位到想要的选项,提高交互体验。

列表的二级联动(Cascading List)是指根据一个列表(一级列表)的选择结果,来更新另一个列表(二级列表)的选项。这种联动可以使用户根据实际需求,快速定位到想要的选项,提高交互体验。例如,短视频中拍摄风格的选择、照片编辑时的场景的选择,本文即为大家介绍如何开发二级联动。

效果呈现

本例最终效果如下:

图片

运行环境

本例基于以下环境开发,开发者也可以基于其他适配的版本进行开发:

  • IDE: DevEco Studio 3.1 Beta2
  • SDK: Ohos_sdk_public 3.2.11.9 (API Version 9 Release)

实现思路

  • 数字标题(titles)以及下方的数字列表(contents)分组展示:通过两个List组件分别承载数字标题和数字项。
  • 滚动数字列表,上方数字标题也随之变动:通过List组件的onScrollIndex事件获取到当前滚动数字的索引,根据该索引计算出对应标题数字的索引,然后通过Scroller的scrollToIndex方法跳转到对应的数字标题,且通过Line组件为选中的标题添加下划线。
  • 点击数字标题,下方的数字列表也随之变化:首先获取到点击数字标题的索引,通过该索引计算出下方对应数字的起始项索引,然后通过scroller的scrollToIndex方法跳转到对应索引的数字项。

开发步骤

根据实现思路,具体实现步骤如下:

首先构建列表数据,在records中记录数字列表中各个数字的首项索引值,具体代码块如下:

...
@State typeIndex: number = 0
private tmp: number = 0
private titles: Array<string> = ["1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9"]
private contents: Array<string> = ["1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "3"
    , "3", "3", "3", "3", "4", "4", "4", "5", "5", "5", "5", "5", "6", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7",
    "8", "8", "8", "8", "8", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9"]
private records: Array<number> = [0, 9, 21, 26, 29, 34, 35, 47, 52, 63]
private classifyScroller: Scroller = new Scroller();
private scroller: Scroller = new Scroller();
...

数字标题列表:具体代码块如下:

...
build() {
  Column({ space: 0 }) {
    List  ({ space: 50, scroller: this.classifyScroller, initialIndex: 0 }) {
      ForEach(this.titles, (item, index) => {
        ListItem() {
          Column() {
            Text(item)
              .fontSize(14)
            ...  
          }
        }
      }
      ...
    }
    .listDirection(Axis.Horizontal)
    .height(50)
  }
}

数字列表,具体代码块如下:

List({ space: 20, scroller: this.scroller }) {
  ForEach(this.contents, (item, index) => {
    ListItem() {
      Column({ space: 5 }) {
        Image($r("app.media.app_icon"))
          .width(40)
          .height(40)
        Text(item)
          .fontSize(12)
      }
      ...
    }
  }
}
.listDirection(Axis.Horizontal) //列表排列方向水平
.edgeEffect(EdgeEffect.None) //不支持滑动效果

数字标题的索引值判断,根据当前滚动数字的首项索引值计算出数字标题的索引,具体代码块如下:

...
findClassIndex(ind: number) { // 当前界面最左边图的索引值ind
  let ans = 0
  // 定义一个i 并进行遍历 this.records.length = 10
  for (let i = 0; i < this.records.length; i++) { 
    // 判断ind在this.records中那两个临近索引值之间
    if (ind >= this.records[i] && ind < this.records[i + 1]) {
      ans = i
      break
    }
  }
  return ans
}
findItemIndex(ind: number) { 
  // 将ind重新赋值给类型标题列表的索引值
  return this.records[ind]
}
...

通过Line组件构成标题下滑线,具体代码块如下:

...
if (this.typeIndex == index) {
  Line()
    //根据长短判断下划线
    .width(item.length === 2 ? 25 : item.length === 3 ? 35 : 50)
    .height(3)
    .strokeWidth(20)
    .strokeLineCap(LineCapStyle.Round)
    .backgroundColor('#ffcf9861')
}
...

点击数字标题,数字列表随之滑动:首先获取到点击数字标题的索引,通过该索引计算出下方对应数字的起始项索引,然后通过scroller的scrollToIndex方法跳转到对应索引的数字项,具体代码块如下:

...
.onClick(() => {
  this.typeIndex = index
  this.classifyScroller.scrollToIndex(index)
  let itemIndex = this.findItemIndex(index)
  console.log("移动元素:" + itemIndex)
  this.scroller.scrollToIndex(itemIndex)
})
...

数字列表的滑动或点击导致数字标题的变动:通过List组件中onScrollIndex事件获取的到屏幕中最左边数字的索引值start,然后通过该索引值计算出对应的数字标题的索引currentClassIndex,然后通过scrollToIndex控制数字标题跳转到对应索引处,具体代码块如下:

...
.onScrollIndex((start) => {
  let currentClassIndex = this.findClassIndex(start)
  console.log("找到的类索引为: " + currentClassIndex)
  if (currentClassIndex != this.tmp) {
    this.tmp = currentClassIndex
    console.log("类别移动到索引: " + currentClassIndex)
    this.typeIndex = currentClassIndex
    this.classifyScroller.scrollToIndex(currentClassIndex)
  }
})
...

完整代码

完整示例代码如下:
@Entry
@Component
struct TwoLevelLink {
  @State typeIndex: number = 0
  private tmp: number = 0
  private titles: Array<string> = ["1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9"]
  private contents: Array<string> = ["1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "1", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "2", "3"
    , "3", "3", "3", "3", "4", "4", "4", "5", "5", "5", "5", "5", "6", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7", "7",
    "8", "8", "8", "8", "8", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9", "9"]
  private colors: Array<string> = ["#18183C", "#E8A027", "#D4C3B3", "#A4AE77", "#A55D51", "#1F3B54", "#002EA6", "#FFE78F", "#FF770F"]
  private records: Array<number> = [0, 9, 21, 26, 29, 34, 35, 47, 52, 63]
  private classifyScroller: Scroller = new Scroller();
  private scroller: Scroller = new Scroller();
  // 根据数字列表索引计算对应数字标题的索引
  findClassIndex(ind: number) {
    let ans = 0
    for (let i = 0; i < this.records.length; i++) {
      if (ind >= this.records[i] && ind < this.records[i + 1]) {
        ans = i
        break
      }
    }
    return ans
  }
  // 根据数字标题索引计算对应数字列表的索引
  findItemIndex(ind: number) {
    return this.records[ind]
  }
  build() {
    Column({ space: 0 }) {
      List  ({ space: 50, scroller: this.classifyScroller, initialIndex: 0 }) {
        ForEach(this.titles, (item, index) => {
          ListItem() {
            Column() {
              Text(item)
                .fontSize(24)
              if (this.typeIndex == index) {
                Line()
                  .width(item.length === 2 ? 25 : item.length === 3 ? 35 : 50)
                  .height(3)
                  .strokeWidth(20)
                  .strokeLineCap(LineCapStyle.Round)
                  .backgroundColor('#ffcf9861')
              }
            }
            .onClick(() => {
              this.typeIndex = index
              this.classifyScroller.scrollToIndex(index)
              let itemIndex = this.findItemIndex(index)
              console.log("移动元素:" + itemIndex)
              this.scroller.scrollToIndex(itemIndex)
            })
          }
        })
      }
      .listDirection(Axis.Horizontal)
      .height(50)
      List({ space: 20, scroller: this.scroller }) {
        ForEach(this.contents, (item, index) => {
          ListItem() {
            Column({ space: 5 }) {
              Text(item)
                .fontSize(30)
                .fontColor(Color.White)
            }
            .width(60)
            .height(60)
            .backgroundColor(this.colors[item-1])
            .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Center)
            .onClick(() => {
              this.scroller.scrollToIndex(index)
            })
          }
        })
      }
      .listDirection(Axis.Horizontal) //列表排列方向水平
      .edgeEffect(EdgeEffect.None) //不支持滑动效果
      .onScrollIndex((start) => {
        let currentClassIndex = this.findClassIndex(start)
        console.log("找到的类索引为: " + currentClassIndex)
        if (currentClassIndex != this.tmp) {
          this.tmp = currentClassIndex
          console.log("类别移动到索引: " + currentClassIndex)
          this.typeIndex = currentClassIndex
          this.classifyScroller.scrollToIndex(currentClassIndex)
        }
      })
    }.width('100%').height('100%').backgroundColor(0xDCDCDC).padding({ top: 5 })
  }
}
责任编辑:姜华 来源: 鸿蒙开发者社区
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