IDEA中的轻量级接口请求工具 | HTTP Client 新手指南

开发 开发工具
HTTP Client 是 IDEA 自带的一款简洁轻量级的接口调用插件,通过它,我们能在 IDEA 上开发,调试,测试 RESTful Web 服务。

​一、 简介

HTTP Client 是 IDEA 自带的一款简洁轻量级的接口调用插件,通过它,我们能在 IDEA 上开发,调试,测试 RESTful Web 服务。

二、 快速上手

1.首先要确保 HTTP Client 插件是安装启动的,默认是已安装启动的。若没有安装,在 File - Settings - Plugins 路径下进行安装:

图片

2.可以在项目根目录下创建一个存储请求文件的文件夹,然后在里面创建HTTP Client 请求文件:

图片

3、打开创建的文件,可以直接的点击右上角工具栏中的add request, 选择相应的请求类型即可添加,如下图所示get请求: 

图片

4、点击左边的运行按钮即可发送请求,结果如下:

图片

三、GET相关请求示例

### GET request with a header
GET https://httpbin.org/ip
Accept: application/json

### GET request with parameter
GET https://httpbin.org/get?show_env=1
Accept: application/json

### GET request with environment variables
GET {{host}}/get?show_env={{show_env}}
Accept: application/json

### GET request with disabled redirects
# @no-redirect
GET http://httpbin.org/status/301

### GET request with dynamic variables
GET http://httpbin.org/anything?id={{$uuid}}&ts={{$timestamp}}

###

四、POST相关请求示例

### Send POST request with json body
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type:application/json

{
"id": 999,
"value": "content"
}

### Send POST request with body asparameters
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type:application/x-www-form-urlencoded

id=999&value=content

### Send a form with the text and file fields
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type:multipart/form-data;boundary=WebAppBoundary

--WebAppBoundary
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="element-name"
Content-Type: text/plain

Name
--WebAppBoundary
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="data";filename="data.json"
Content-Type:application/json

< ./request-form-data.json
--WebAppBoundary--

### Send request with dynamic variables in request's body
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type:application/json

{
"id":{{$uuid}},
"price":{{$randomInt}},
"ts":{{$timestamp}},
"value": "content"
}

###

五、PUT相关请求示例

PUT http://localhost:8080/person/put
Content-Type:application/json

{"name": "name111","age": 17}

六、PATCH相关请求示例

###
PATCH http://localhost:8080/person/put
Content-Type:application/json

{"name": "demo111","age": 17}

七、带鉴权验证的示例

###
PATCH http://localhost:8080/person/put
Content-Type: application/json

{"name": "demo111","age": 17}
七、带鉴权验证的示例
### Basic authorization.
GET https://httpbin.org/basic-auth/user/passwd
Authorization: Basic user passwd

### Basic authorization with variables.
GET https://httpbin.org/basic-auth/user/passwd
Authorization: Basic {{username}} {{password}}

### Digest authorization.
GET https://httpbin.org/digest-auth/realm/user/passwd
Authorization: Digest user passwd

### Digest authorization with variables.
GET https://httpbin.org/digest-auth/realm/user/passwd
Authorization: Digest {{username}} {{password}}

### Authorization by token, part 1. Retrieve and save token.
POST https://httpbin.org/post
Content-Type: application/json

{
"token": "my-secret-token"
}

> {% client.global.set("auth_token", response.body.json.token); %}

### Authorization by token, part 2. Use token to authorize.
GET https://httpbin.org/headers
Authorization: Bearer {{auth_token}}

###

八、断言方式请求示例

### Successful test: check response status is 200
GET https://httpbin.org/status/200

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});
%}

### Failed test: check response status is 200
GET https://httpbin.org/status/404

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});
%}

### Check response status and content-type
GET https://httpbin.org/get

> {%
client.test("Request executed successfully", function() {
client.assert(response.status === 200, "Response status is not 200");
});

client.test("Response content-type is json", function() {
var type = response.contentType.mimeType;
client.assert(type === "application/json", "Expected 'application/json' but received '" + type + "'");
});
%}

### Check response body
GET https://httpbin.org/get

> {%
client.test("Headers option exists", function() {
client.assert(response.body.hasOwnProperty("headers"), "Cannot find 'headers' option in response");
});
%}

###

责任编辑:武晓燕 来源: 新钛云服
相关推荐

2022-05-16 15:37:32

开源软件

2010-06-07 16:10:53

HadoopOnDem

2022-04-08 12:56:52

Linux终端命令

2009-10-10 13:21:02

服务器测试工具

2010-05-27 10:42:38

SVN配置文档

2009-11-16 08:58:43

PHP语言

2010-06-21 12:39:56

OSPF路由协议

2011-03-30 14:07:56

Ubuntu的安装

2022-02-28 11:02:53

函数Bash Shell语句

2022-01-20 16:43:38

Bash 脚本ShellLinux

2021-12-30 10:26:37

Bash Shell脚本文件命令

2010-08-04 09:06:21

Flex安装

2011-08-23 10:11:10

LinuxTop命令

2022-01-05 08:29:22

监控Prometheus Post

2021-01-24 16:40:00

Python爬取网站编程语言

2022-07-15 16:39:19

PythonWhoosh工具

2021-11-26 09:40:37

EclipseIDEA开发

2010-07-01 12:35:46

UML用例图

2010-08-02 09:36:22

Flex

2021-08-28 17:30:51

LinuxSSH
点赞
收藏

51CTO技术栈公众号