Solaris下的nagios监控系统

系统 其他OS
nagios是非常火的Linux/Unix的监控系统,让我们来看看Solaris下的nagios监控系统!

Solaris下的nagios监控系统介绍如下:

nagios 

图-nagios

  文将介绍Nagios在Solaris10操做系统下的安装过程,其中包括,源码的编译、安装;Apache的安装、Nagios CGI的配置;Nagios监控配置等。

  环境、资源准备

  gcc-3.4.6-sol10-x86-local.gz

  libiconv-1.11-sol10-x86-local.gz

  libintl-3.4.0-sol10-x86-local.gz

  make-3.81-sol10-x86-local.gz

  openssl-0.9.8h-sol10-x86-local.gz

  gd-2.0.35-sol10-x86-local.gz

  httpd-2.2.4.tar.gz

  nagios-3.0.3.tar.gz

  nagios-plugins-1.4.11.tar.gz

  nrpe-2.12.tar.gz

#p#

  1.安装Nagios

 

  1.   # groupadd nagios  
  2.  
  3.   # useradd -g nagios -d /usr/local/nagios nagios  
  4.  
  5.   # gunzip ./nagios-3.0.6.tar.gz  
  6.  
  7.   # tar xvf ./nagios-3.0.6.tar.gz  
  8.  
  9.   # cd ./nagios-3.0.6.tar.gz  
  10.  
  11.   # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nagios --with-nagios-user=nagios \  
  12.  

 

  --with-nagios-group=nagios --with-gd-lib=/usr/sfw/lib \

  --with-gd-inc=/usr/sfw/include

 

  1.   # make all  
  2.  
  3.   # make fullinstall  
  4.  
  5.   # make install-config  
  6.  

 

  2.安装openssl

 

  1.   # gunzip ./openssl-0.9.8j-sol10-sparc-local.gz  
  2.  
  3.   # pkgadd -d ./openssl-0.9.8j-sol10-sparc-local  
  4.  
  5.   # export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/ssl/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH  
  6.  

 

  3.安装Nagios Plugins

 

  1.   # gunzip ./nagios-plugins-1.4.13.tar.gz  
  2.  
  3.   # tar xvf ./nagios-plugins-1.4.13.tar  
  4.  
  5.   # cd nagios-plugins-1.4.13  
  6.  
  7.   # ./configure --without-mysql --prefix=/usr/local/nagios --with-openssl=/usr/local/ssl  
  8.  
  9.   # make  
  10.  
  11.   # make install  
  12.  
  13.   # make clean  
  14.  
  15.   # chown -R nagios:nagios /usr/local/nagios/libexec  
  16.  

 

  4.配置Apache

  在/etc/apache2/httpd.conf文件追加如下内容

  #setting for nagios

  ScriptAlias /nagios/cgi-bin /usr/local/nagios/sbin

  AuthType Basic

  Options ExecCGI

  AllowOverride None

  Order allow,deny

  Allow from all

  AuthName "Nagios Access"

  AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd

  Require valid-user

  Alias /nagios /usr/local/nagios/share

  AuthType Basic

  Options None

  AllowOverride None

  Order allow,deny

  Allow from all

  AuthName "nagios Access"

  AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd

  Require valid-user

#p#

  5.生成登录用户和验证口令

  # /usr/apache2/bin/htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd

  此处的user_name为登录Nagios Web应用需要输入的用户名www.britepic.org

  按照提示输入要设置的口令即可

  配置/usr/local/nagios/etc/cgi.cfg,添加用户edison

  ................. .................

  # SYSTEM/PROCESS INFORMATION ACCESS

  # This option is a comma-delimited list of all usernames that

  # have access to viewing the Nagios process information as

  # provided by the Extended Information CGI (extinfo.cgi). By

  # default, *no one* has access to this unless you choose to

  # not use authorization. You may use an asterisk (*) to

  # authorize any user who has authenticated to the web server.

  authorized_for_system_information=nagiosadmin,edison

  # CONFIGURATION INFORMATION ACCESS

  # This option is a comma-delimited list of all usernames that

  # can view ALL configuration information (hosts, commands, etc).

  # By default, users can only view configuration information

  # for the hosts and services they are contacts for. You may use

  # an asterisk (*) to authorize any user who has authenticated

  # to the web server.

  authorized_for_configuration_information=nagiosadmin,edison

  # SYSTEM/PROCESS COMMAND ACCESS

  # This option is a comma-delimited list of all usernames that

  # can issue shutdown and restart commands to Nagios via the

  # command CGI (cmd.cgi). Users in this list can also change

  # the program mode to active or standby. By default, *no one*

  # has access to this unless you choose to not use authorization.

  # You may use an asterisk (*) to authorize any user who has

  # authenticated to the web server.

  authorized_for_system_commands=nagiosadmin,edison

  # GLOBAL HOST/SERVICE VIEW ACCESS

  # These two options are comma-delimited lists of all usernames that

  # can view information for all hosts and services that are being

  # monitored. By default, users can only view information

  # for hosts or services that they are contacts for (unless you

  # you choose to not use authorization). You may use an asterisk (*)

  # to authorize any user who has authenticated to the web server.

  authorized_for_all_services=nagiosadmin,edison

  authorized_for_all_hosts=nagiosadmin,edison

  # GLOBAL HOST/SERVICE COMMAND ACCESS

  # These two options are comma-delimited lists of all usernames that

  # can issue host or service related commands via the command

  # CGI (cmd.cgi) for all hosts and services that are being monitored.

  # By default, users can only issue commands for hosts or services

  # that they are contacts for (unless you you choose to not use

  # authorization). You may use an asterisk (*) to authorize any

  # user who has authenticated to the web server.

  authorized_for_all_service_commands=nagiosadmin,edison

  authorized_for_all_host_commands=nagiosadmin,edison

#p#

  6.启动Nagios

  Nagios的启动程序是/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios

  # ./nagios --help

  Nagios 3.0.3

  Copyright (c) 1999-2008 Ethan Galstad (http://www.nagios.org)

  Last Modified: 06-25-2008

  License: GPL

  Usage: ./nagios [options]

  Options:

  -v, --verify-config Verify all configuration data

  -s, --test-scheduling Shows projected/recommended check scheduling and other

  diagnostic info based on the current configuration files.

  -x, --dont-verify-paths Don't check for circular object paths - USE WITH CAUTION!

  -p, --precache-objects Precache object configuration - use with -v or -s options

  -u, --use-precached-objects Use precached object config file

  -d, --daemon Starts Nagios in daemon mode, instead of as a foreground process

  Visit the Nagios website at http://www.nagios.org/ for bug fixes, new

  releases, online documentation, FAQs, information on subscribing to

  the mailing lists, and commercial support options for Nagios.

  首先通过-v选项验证配置文件是否正确

  # cd /usr/lcoal/nagios/bin

  # ./nagios -v ../etc/nagios.cfg

  Nagios 3.0.3

  Copyright (c) 1999-2008 Ethan Galstad (http://www.nagios.org)

  Last Modified: 06-25-2008

  License: GPL

  Reading configuration data...

  Running pre-flight check on configuration data...

  Checking services...

  .........................................................

  .............................................

  Total Warnings: 0

  Total Errors: 0

  Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check

  如果没有错误,就可以启动它了。

  # cd /usr/local/nagios/bin

  # ./nagios -d /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

  nagios web界面提示

  It appears as though you do not have permission to view information for any of the services you requested...

  打开cgi.cfg配置文件,里面有个参数:

  use_authentication=1

  为了保障系统的安全性,nagios设置了这个参数,默认为1,改为0即可

  查看/usr/local/nagios/var/nagios.log日志文件,观察启动是否正常。

  在IE浏览器中查看监控情况。

  点击左边导航栏的 Host Detail

通过文章的介绍,我们清楚的知道了Solaris下的nagios监控系统的全过程,希望大家喜欢!

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责任编辑:赵鹏 来源: 网络转载
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