计算机基础之应用软件(英文)

企业动态
计算机基础之应用软件英文读物。

  Application software might be described as end-user software. Application software performs useful work on general-purpose tasks such as word processing and cost estimating. There are certain general-purpose programs that are widely used in nearly all career areas. They are: word processing, electronic spreadsheets, graphic programs and so on. They are also called basic tools and have some common features.

  Insert Point The insert point or cursor shows you where you can enter data next. Typically , it is a blinking vertical bar on the screen. You can move it around using a mouse or the directional arrow keys on many keyboards.

  Menus Almost all software packages have menus. Typically, the menus are displayed in a menu bar at the top of the screen. When one of these is selected, a pull-down menu appears. This is a list of commands associated with the selected menu.

  Help For most applications, one of the menus on the menu bar is Help. When selected, the Help options appear. These options typically include a table of contents, a search feature to locate reference information about specific commands, and central options to move around.

  Button Bars Button bars typically are below the menu bar. They contain icons or graphic representations for commonly used commands. This offers the user a graphic approach to selecting commands. It is an example of a graphic user interface in which graphic objects rather than menus can be used to select commands.

  Dialog Box Dialog boxes frequently appear after selecting a command from a pull-down menu. These boxes are used to specify additional command options.#p#

  Scroll Bars Scroll bars are usually located on the right and/or the bottom of the screen. They enable you to display additional information not currently visible on the screen.

  WYSIWYG Pronounced "wizzy-wig", WYSIWYG stands for "What You See Is What You Get." This means that the image on the screen display looks the same as the final printed document. Application programs without WYSIWYG cannot always display an exact representation of the final printed document. The WYSIWYG feature allows the user to preview the document's appearance before it is printed out.

  Function Keys Function keys are labeled F1, F2, and so on. These keys are positioned along the left side or along the top of the keyboard. They are used for commands or tasks that are performed frequently, such as underlining. These keys do different things in different software packages.

  Now let's introduce respectively the most common used application software: word processing, and spreadsheets.

  Word processing software is used to create, edit, save, and print documents. Documents can be any kind of text material. With word processing, you view the words you type on a monitor instead of on a piece of paper. After you finish your typing, save your words on diskettes or hard disk, and print the results on paper.

  The beauty of this method is that you can make changes or corrections[1]before printing out the document. Even after your document is printed out, you can easily go back and make changes. You can then print it out again. Want to change a report from double spaced to single spaced? Alter the width of the margins on the left and right? Delete some paragraphs and add some others from yet another document? A word processor allows you to do all these with ease. Indeed, deleting, inserting, and replacing—the principal correcting activities—can be done just by pressing keys on the keyboard. Popular word processing software are Word , WPS and so on. They have some common features.#p#

  Word Wrap and the Enter Key One basic word processing feature is word wrap. When you finish a line, a word processor decides for you and automatically moves the insertion point to the next lines. To begin a new paragraph or leave a blank line, you press the Enter key.

  Search and Replace A search or find command allows you to locate any character, word, or phrase in your document. When you search, the insertion point moves to the first place the item appears. If you want, the program will continue to search for all other locations where the item appears. The replace command automatically replaces the word you search for with another word. The search and replace commands are useful for finding and fixing errors.

  Cut, Copy, and Paste With a word processor, you select the portion of text to be moved by highlighting it. Using either the menu or button bar, choose the command to cut the selected text. The selected text disappears from your screen. Then move the insertion point to the new location and choose the paste command to reinsert the text into the document. In a similar manner, you can copy selected portions of text from one location to another.

  Spreadsheet A spreadsheet is an electronic worksheet used to organize and manipulate numbers and display options for analysis. Spreadsheets are used by financial analysts, accountants, contractors, and others concerned with manipulating numeric data. Spreadsheets allow you to try out various "what-if" kinds of possibilities. That is a powerful feature. You can manipulate numbers by using stored formulas and calculate different outcomes.#p#

  A spreadsheet has several parts. The worksheet area of the spreadsheet has letters for column headings across the top. It also has numbers for row headings down the left side. The intersection of a column and row is called a cell. The cell holds a single unit of information. The position of a cell is called the cell address. For example, "A1" is the cell address of the first position on a spreadsheet, the topmost and leftmost position. A cell pointer—also known as the cell selector—indicates where data is to be entered or changed in the spreadsheet. The cell pointer can be moved around in much the same way that you move the insertion pointer in a word processing program. Excel is the most common spreadsheet software. It has some common features of spreadsheet programs.

  Format Label is often used to identify information in a worksheet, it is usually a word or symbol. A number in cell is called a value. Labels and values can be displayed or formatted in different ways. A label can be centered in the cell or positioned to the left or right. A value can be displayed to show decimal places, dollars, or percent. The number of decimal positions can be altered, and the width of columns can be changed.

  Formulas One of the benefits of spreadsheets is that you can manipulate data through the use of formulas. Formulas are instructions for calculations. They make connections between numbers in particular cells.

  Functions Functions are built-in formulas that perform calculations automatically. Recalculation Recalculation or what-if analysis is one of the most important features of spreadsheets. If you change one or more numbers in your spreadsheet, all related formulas will recalculate automatically. Thus you can substitute one value for another in the cells affected by your formula and recalculate the results. For more complex problems, recalculation enables you to store long, complicated formulas and many changing values and quickly produce alternatives.

【相关内容】

  1. 软考之计算机网络基础介绍
  2. 软考英语练习材料(附译文)
  3. 软考英语练习一(附答案与译文)
责任编辑:丁小雨 来源: 希赛教育
相关推荐

2009-02-13 12:56:45

计算机英语域名系统

2023-09-14 10:48:59

算法编程

2023-12-17 14:24:46

计算机进程线程

2011-02-18 06:35:45

微软与计算

2023-10-11 18:30:39

Web系统程序

2009-12-22 15:05:07

Linux应用软件

2009-04-22 10:17:59

云计算研发传统软件

2012-10-22 10:34:18

2011-01-20 23:03:54

Web外包业界

2023-04-04 08:25:31

计算机视觉图片

2013-10-28 10:06:26

HTTP协议网络协议

2009-08-17 09:11:53

手机应用软件开发

2013-03-28 10:25:49

2009-07-29 16:28:25

ASP.NET应用软件

2009-01-10 23:54:10

软考英语

2015-05-07 10:50:54

USBKill自杀式软件

2009-09-23 10:12:12

苹果应用软件商店

2009-08-21 08:55:58

App Store

2012-07-18 10:12:41

移动应用软件

2011-12-20 09:03:05

点赞
收藏

51CTO技术栈公众号